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Fourth Edition   ©2012

Sources of The Making of the West, Volume II: Since 1500

Peoples and Cultures

Katharine J. Lualdi (University of Southern Maine)

  • ISBN-10: 0-312-57612-9
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-312-57612-7
  • Paper Text , 352 pages

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CHAPTER 14  Global Encounters and the Shock of the Reformation, 1492-1560 
1. Worlds Collide: Bernal Díaz del Castillo, The True History of the Conquest of New Spain (c. 1567) 
2. Illustrating a Native Perspective: Lienzo de Tlaxcala (c. 1560) 
3. Defending Native Humanity: Bartolomé de Las Casas, In Defense of the Indians (c. 1548-1550) 
4. Scripture and Salvation: Martin Luther, Freedom of a Christian (1520) 
5. Reforming Christianity: John Calvin, Articles Concerning Predestination (c. 1560) and The Necessity of Reforming the Church (1543) 
6. Responding to Reformation: St. Ignatius of Loyola, A New Kind of Catholicism (1546, 1549, 1553)  
 
CHAPTER 15 Wars of Religion and Clash of Worldviews, 1560-1648 
1. Legislating Tolerance: Henry IV, Edict of Nantes (1598) 
2. Barbarians All: Michel de Montaigne, Of Cannibals (1580s) 
3. Defending Religious Liberty: Apology of the Bohemian Estates (May 25, 1618)
4. The Scientific Challenge: Galileo, Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina (1615) 
5. The Persecution of Witches: The Trial of Suzanne Gaudry (1652) 
 
CHAPTER 16 Absolutism, Constitutionalism, and the Search for Order, 1640-1715
1.  Mercantilism in the Colonies: Instructions from Jean-Baptiste Colbert (1667, 1668) and Royal Ordinance (1669)
2. Regime Change: The Trial of Charles I (January 1649)
3. Civil War and Social Contract: Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651) 
4. The Consent of the Governed: John Locke, The Second Treatise of Government (1690) 
5. Opposing Serfdom: Ludwig Fabritius, The Revolt of Stenka Razin (1670) 
 
CHAPTER 17 The Atlantic System and Its Consequences, 1700-1750  
1. Captivity and Enslavement: Olaudah Equiano, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano Written by Himself (1789) 
2. A “Sober and Wholesome Drink”: A Brief Description of the Excellent Vertues of That Sober and Wholesome Drink, Called Coffee (1674)
3.  Westernizing Russian Culture: Peter I, Decrees and Statutes (1701-1723)
4.  Early Enlightenment: Voltaire, Letters Concerning the English Nation (1733)
5. Questioning Women's Submission: Mary Astell, Reflections upon Marriage (1706) 
 
CHAPTER 18 The Promise of Enlightenment, 1750-1789 
1. Rethinking Modern Civilization: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality among Men (1753)
2. An Enlightened Worker: Jacques-Louis Ménétra, Journal of My Life (1764-1802) 
3. Reforming the Law: Cesare Beccaria, On Crimes and Punishments (1764) 
4. Reforming Commerce: Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776) 
5. Enlightened Monarchy: Frederick II, Political Testament (1752) 
 
CHAPTER 19 The Cataclysm of Revolution, 1789-1799 
1. Defining the Nation: Abbé Sieyès, What Is the Third Estate? (1789) 
2. The People under the Old Regime: Political Cartoon (1815) 
3. Establishing Rights: National Assembly, The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789)
4. A Call for Women's Inclusion: Olympe de Gouges, Declaration of the Rights of Woman (1791)
5. Defending Terror: Maximilien Robespierre, Report on the Principles of Political Morality (1794) 
6. Liberty for All?: Decree of General Liberty (August 29, 1793) and Bramante Lazzary, General Call to Local Insurgents (August 30, 1793)

CHAPTER 20 Napoleon and the Revolutionary Legacy, 1800-1830 
1. Napoleon in Egypt: The Chronicle of Abd al-Rahmanal-Jabartî (1798) 
2. The Conservative Order: Prince Klemens von Metternich, Results of the Congress at Laybach (1821) 
3. Challenge to Autocracy: Peter Kakhovsky, The Decembrist Insurrection in Russia (1825)
4. The Romantic Imagination: William Wordsworth, Preface to Lyrical Ballads (1800)
5. Musical Romanticism: Reviews of Beethoven's Works (1799, 1812)
 
CHAPTER 21 Industrialization and Social Ferment, 1830-1850
1. Establishing New Work Habits: Factory Rules in Berlin (1844)
2. New Rules for the Middle Class: Sarah Stickney Ellis, Characteristics of the Women of England (1839)
3. The Division of Labor: Testimony Gathered by Ashley's Mines Commission (1842) and Punch Magazine, “Capital and Labour” (1843)
4. What Is the Proletariat?: Friedrich Engels, Draft of a Communist Confession of Faith (1847)
5. Demanding Political Freedom: Address by the Hungarian Parliament (March 14, 1848) and Demands of the Hungarian People (March 15, 1848)
6. Imperialism and Opium: Commissioner Lin, Letter to Queen Victoria (1839)
 
CHAPTER 22 Politics and Culture of the Nation-State, 1850-1870
1. Ending Serfdom in Russia: Peter Kropótkin, Memoirs of a Revolutionist (1861)
2. Fighting for Italian Nationalism: Camillo di Cavour, Letter to King Victor Emmanuel (July 24, 1858)
3. Realpolitik and Otto von Bismarck: Rudolf von Ihering, Two Letters (1866)
4. Social Evolution: Herbert Spencer, Progress: Its Law and Cause (1857)
5. The Science of Man: Charles Darwin, The Descent of Man (1871)
 
CHAPTER 23  Empire, Industry, and Everyday Life, 1870-1890
1. Defending Conquest: Jules Ferry, Speech before the French National Assembly (1883)
2. Resisting Imperialism: Ndansi Kumalo, His Story (1890s)
3. Global Competition: Ernest Edwin Williams, Made in Germany (1896)
4. The Advance of Unionism: Margaret Bondfield, A Life's Work (1948)
5. Artistic Expression: Edgar Degas, Notebooks (1863-1884)
 
CHAPTER 24 Modernity and the Road to War, 1890-1914
1. The Idealized Family: Eugenics Education Society of London, Eugenics for Citizens: Aim of Eugenics (c. 1907)
2. Tapping the Human Psyche: Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams (1900)
3. The Dreyfus Affair: Émile Zola, “J'accuse!” (January 13, 1898)
4. Militant Suffrage: Emmeline Pankhurst, Speech from the Dock (1908)
5. Imperialism and Anti-Imperialism: Rudyard Kipling, The White Man's Burden and Editorial from the San Francisco Call (1899)
6. Exalting War: Heinrich von Treitschke, Place of Warfare in the State (1897-1898) and Henri Massis and Alfred de Tarde, The Young People of Today (1912)
 
CHAPTER 25: World War I and Its Aftermath, 1914-1929
1. The Horrors of War: Fritz Franke and Siegfried Sassoon, Two Soldiers' Views (1914-1918)
2. Mobilizing for Total War: L. Doriat, Women on the Home Front (1917)
3. Revolutionary Marxism Defended: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, The State and Revolution (1917)
4. Establishing Fascism in Italy: Benito Mussolini, The Doctrine of Fascism (1932)
5. A New Form of Anti-Semitism: Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf (1925)
 
CHAPTER 26 The Great Depression and World War II, 1929-1945
1. Socialist Nationalism: Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Propaganda Pamphlet (1930)
2. The Spanish Civil War: Eyewitness Accounts of the Bombing of Guernica (1937)
3. Seeking a Diplomatic Solution: Neville Chamberlain, Speech on the Munich Crisis (1938)
4. The Final Solution: Sam Bankhalter and Hinda Kibort, Memories of the Holocaust (1938-1945)
5. Atomic Catastrophe: Michihiko Hachiya, Hiroshima Diary (August 7, 1945)
 
CHAPTER 27 The Cold War and the Remaking of Europe, 1945-1960s
1. Stalin and the Western Threat: The Formation of the Communist Information Bureau (Cominform) (1947)
2. Truman and the Soviet Threat: National Security Council, Paper Number 68 (1950)
3. Throwing Off Colonialism: Ho Chi Minh, Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Vietnam (1945)
4. The Condition of Modern Women: Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex (1949)
5. Cold War Anxieties in Popular Culture: Review of Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb and Reader Reactions from the New York Times (1964)
 
CHAPTER 28 Postindustrial Society and the End of the Cold War Order, 1960S-1989
1. Prague Spring: Josef Smrkovsky´, What Lies Ahead (February 9, 1968) 
2. A Revolutionary Time: Student Voices of Protest (1968) 
3. Children Fleeing Napalm Attack in South Vietnam: Nick Ut, Photograph (June 8, 1972) 
4. The Rising Power of OPEC: U.S. Embassy, Saudi Arabia, Saudi Ban on Oil Shipments to the United States (October 23, 1973) 
5. Facing Terrorism: Jacques Chirac, New French Antiterrorist Laws (September 14, 1986) 
6. Debating Change in the Soviet Union: Glasnost and the Soviet Press (1988)
 
CHAPTER 29 A New Globalism, 1989 to the Present
1. Ethnic Cleansing: The Diary of Zlata Filipovic´ (October 6, 1991-June 29, 1992)
2. The Challenges of EU Expansion: Paresh Nath, EU Membership Prospect Cartoon (February 23, 2009)
3. Addressing Climate Change in the Euro Zone: The European Commission's Energy Roadmap 2050 (2011)
4. An End to Apartheid: The African National Congress, Introductory Statement to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (August 19, 1996)
5. China in the Global Age: Chinese Olympic Committee, Announcements on Preparations for the 2008 Summer Olympic Games (2004-2007)
6. The Post-9/11 Era: Amartya Sen, A World Not Neatly Divided (November 23, 2001)
 

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